HomeVenture CapitalThe High Sectors of Web3 in 2022 by Income by @ttunguz

The High Sectors of Web3 in 2022 by Income by @ttunguz

With the summer time of Defi behind us and a brand new yr for web3, I questioned which classes of web3 startups generate probably the most income.


L1s or blockchains, the general public databases that document transactions, dominate the income share throughout the highest initiatives producing 78% of income. Exchanges place second. Proper behind, NFT exchanges rank third. Defi Protocols, which embody lending, perps, farming, and swaps, slot in fourth. Gaming, Wallets, Infrastructure, Shopper Apps, Insurance coverage and Asset Administration chart negligible share.

Sector Income Share Market Cap Share
L1 78% 88%
Trade 6.4% 1.7%
NFT 5.9% 0%
Defi Protocols 3.8% 2.1%
Gaming 3.3% 1.1%
Pockets 1.6% 0
Infrastructure 0.5% 6.6%

Web3 valuation mechanisms are nascent, fuzzy, and maybe not-yet-existent. However we will evaluate the income share to circulating market cap share throughout initiatives. Deltas between the figures present perception into which sectors’ tokens traders worth at comparatively elevated multiples.

L1s command 10 share factors extra market cap share than income share, suggesting traders apply a premium to them. Exchanges endure the reverse: 6.4% income share however 1.7% market share. Decrease multiples might outcomes from historic precedent: exchanges have historically been low-margin companies.

NFTs and Pockets chalk 0% market share as a result of none of those initiatives have launched token but, although I count on that to alter quickly. Defi Protocols and Gaming’s share of market cap is lower than income, whereas Infrastructure corporations clock 11x market cap share in comparison with income share, suggesting Infrastructure is a prized class.

A naive view of this desk: traders imagine within the long-term prospects, defensibility, margin construction, tokenomics, and in the end attractiveness of sure web3 companies sufficient to use higher multiples to completely different classes, simply the way in which traders apply completely different valuation multiples to web2 software program corporations. In actuality, the markets are nonetheless so new, valuation mechanisms so novel, and worth swings pushed by social indicators that it’s spurious to use this mind-set to an embryonic market.


Setting apart sector, TVL (whole worth locked), buying and selling quantity, twitter followers, and income are the 4 most strong correlates to circulating market cap. TVL is at 0.71, which is powerful. Quantity and market cap are naturally correlated as a result of greater excellent token counts ought to drive extra quantity in buying and selling. Value to income is final on this evaluation.

In different phrases, social proof in crypto is important, demonstrated each by folks voting with their {dollars} (TVL) and with their consideration (Twitter followers). Income and age correlate weakly.

A yr from now, I count on important adjustments in these information factors. L1 income will stay dominant however different classes will wrest share. Infrastructure corporations promoting to web3 builders ought to profit from a surge in income because the web3 ecosystem prospers. Wallets, the quotidian entry level for web3 customers, will exert extra affect within the ecosystem, too.

A couple of notes about this evaluation. The underlying economics of every of those companies could be very completely different. The info on this ecosystem is sort of early. The categorization is my very own. Revenues are solely revenues captured by tokens, not greenback revenues for software program gross sales or token funds for companies/software program. Market cap doesn’t embody personal firm valuations or fairness solely companies. On the entire, this evaluation is extra deKoonings’ broad brushstrokes than Manet’s exact realism.



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