Ethereum is a protocol present process important modifications. Consumer groups are upgrading the protocol to scale to satisfy world demand whereas enhancing safety and decentralization. Past protocol improvement, a important shift in Ethereum has been the motion away from ‘Eth1’ and ‘Eth2’ terminology. As of late 2021, core builders stopped utilizing the terminology, preferring ‘execution layer’ and ‘consensus layer’, respectively. At the moment, as highlighted in our Q1 roadmap, ethereum.org makes the identical shift.
- Eth1 → execution layer
- Eth2 → consensus layer
- Execution layer + consensus layer = Ethereum
Let’s discover why.
- The phrases Eth1 and Eth2 (Ethereum 2.0) are being phased out
- Execution layer (Eth1) and consensus layer (Eth2) are the brand new terminologies
- The roadmap to scale Ethereum in a decentralized means stays the identical
- You don’t have to do something
The place did Ethereum 2.0 come from?
Ethereum all the time had, as a part of its roadmap, plans to scale the community in a decentralized means and to transition to proof-of-stake. Early on, researchers labored on these efforts individually, however round 2018 they had been mixed right into a single roadmap below the “Ethereum 2.0” umbrella.
As a part of that roadmap, the present proof-of-work chain (Eth1) would finally be deprecated through the issue bomb. Customers & functions would migrate to a brand new, proof-of-stake Ethereum chain, often known as Eth2.
The article The Roadmap to Serenity by ConsenSys explains how issues stood as of early 2019.
As work started on the Beacon Chain, it grew to become clear that the phased Ethereum 2.0 roadmap would take a number of years to ship absolutely. This led to a revival of analysis initiatives on the proof-of-work chain equivalent to Stateless Ethereum, a paradigm that may take away the untouched state from the community to sure its development fee.
The elevated give attention to making the proof-of-work chain long-term sustainable paired with the conclusion that the Beacon Chain could be prepared a lot sooner than different elements of the Ethereum 2.0 roadmap led to an “Early Merge” proposal. This proposal would launch the present EVM chain as “Shard 0” of the Ethereum 2.0 system. Not solely would this expedite the transfer to proof-of-stake, however it will additionally make for a a lot smoother transition for functions, because the transfer to proof-of-stake may occur with none migration on their finish.
Shortly after this proposal, Danny Ryan explored how we may accomplish this by leveraging the present Eth1 shoppers in his Eth1+Eth2 consumer relationship publish. This could massively cut back the event work required to ship a post-merge system and leverage current shoppers, which had been battle-tested for years on Mainnet. Across the similar time, analysis on rollups as a viable and safe option to scale Ethereum proved promising. As an alternative of ready on a posh, unsure scaling answer years away, we may shift the main focus in direction of scaling through rollups as a substitute of sharded execution.
Wish to dive deeper? Take a look at Danny Ryan’s “Eth1 + Eth2 = Ethereum” ETHGlobal presentation.
Why can’t we simply use Eth2?
One main downside with the Eth2 branding is that it creates a damaged psychological mannequin for brand new customers of Ethereum. They intuitively assume that Eth1 comes first and Eth2 comes after. Or that Eth1 ceases to exist as soon as Eth2 exists. Neither of those is true. By eradicating Eth2 terminology, we save all future customers from navigating this complicated psychological mannequin.
Because the roadmap for Ethereum has developed, Ethereum 2.0 has develop into an inaccurate illustration of Ethereum’s roadmap. Being cautious and correct in our phrase alternative permits content material on Ethereum to be understood by the broadest viewers potential.
Sadly, malicious actors have tried to make use of the Eth2 misnomer to rip-off customers by telling them to swap their ETH for ‘ETH2’ tokens or that they have to one way or the other migrate their ETH earlier than the Eth2 improve.
We hope this up to date terminology will deliver readability to remove this rip-off vector and assist make the ecosystem safer.
Some staking operators have additionally represented ETH staked on the Beacon Chain with the ‘ETH2’ ticker. This creates potential confusion, provided that customers of those providers aren’t truly receiving an ‘ETH2’ token. No ‘ETH2’ token exists; it merely represents their share in that particular suppliers’ stake.
How does this replace change the Ethereum roadmap?
It doesn’t! It’s necessary to know that this renaming represents a change in naming solely. The options on Ethereum’s present roadmap (i.e. the merge, sharding) and future options will nonetheless occur on the identical timeline. Extra on the Ethereum upgrades.
Content material modifications
- Our ‘Eth2’ sources (ethereum.org/en/eth2) at the moment are our ‘Ethereum upgrades’ part
- Particular person options at the moment are known as ‘upgrades’
- All pages beforehand discussing Eth2 have been up to date, with explanations included the place applicable
The rebrand was an enormous job with many content material modifications. There are doubtless cases we missed and enhancements nonetheless to be made. Discover one thing that wants fixing? Elevate a problem or open a PR on the ethereum.org GitHub.
Replace February 1, 2022
As a part of the good renaming, we’ve additionally up to date the Ethereum Staking Launchpad (previously often known as the Eth2 Launchpad) to mirror the terminology modifications. Please increase a problem or create a PR if we missed something.
Content material translations
For those who’re able to translating content material, we may use your assist! We’ve up to date this content material in English, however our 40+ further languages at the moment are outdated and nonetheless reference Eth2 terminology. Please think about getting concerned.
We’ve up to date our content material buckets to incorporate an Ethereum upgrades bucket. It will empower our a whole bunch of lively contributors to the Translation Program to immediately goal these modifications to publish the brand new correct data throughout languages extra shortly.
Excited about serving to to translate ethereum.org or the Ethereum Staking Launchpad? Take a look at our translation program.
A last notice
To many, ethereum.org is seen as a reputable supply of knowledge maintained by our group. Understandably, many didn’t need to shift away from Eth2 terminology till ethereum.org did. We hope that our modifications will encourage others to maneuver away from the outdated Eth2 terminology. By doing so, you may be serving to to create consistency and readability throughout the ecosystem, permitting for extra correct psychological fashions and making Ethereum extra accessible.
Particular due to Tim Beiko and Trent Van Epps whose writings had been closely referenced on this article.